Useful sites for teaching students about plagiarism. Select a
site and have students review it.
Academic Honesty Quiz (http://www.umanitoba.ca/student/advocacy/IntegrityQuiz4.html):
Poses a series of questions for students to test their understanding
of academic honesty.
Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Recognize and Avoid It
Avoiding Plagiarism: Practical Strategies (http://www.lib.duke.edu/libguide/plagiarism2.htm)
Academic Integrity at Princeton (http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/pages/original.html)
and How to Avoid It (http://ec.hku.hk/plagiarism/introduction.htm)
Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Avoid It (http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/bpg/plagiarism.htm)
Is Plagiarism? (http://www.georgetown.edu/honor/plagiarism.html)
not to Plagiarize (http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/plagsep.html)
in Colleges in USA(Standler) (http://www.rbs2.com/plag.htm)
A Faculty Guide to Cyber-Plagiarism (http://www.library.ualberta.ca/guides/plagiarism/)
The Skidmore Guide to Writing: Documentation and Plagiarism
Interesting Articles and Sites
The New Plagiarism: Seven Antidotes to Prevent Highway Robbery
in an Electronic Age (http://www.fno.org/may98/cov98may.html):
Discusses re-thinking the kinds of assignments given to students.
Emphasizes the importance of encouraging original thought and teaching
students an understanding of the research process.
Carbone, Nick. (2001) Thinking
and Talking about Plagiarism. Retrieved March 18, 2002,
Emphasizes a positive approach to preventing plagiarism and lists
resources for teaching about plagiarism.
Procter, Margaret. (2001)
Deterring Plagiarism: Some Strategies. Retrieved March
18, 2002, from (http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/plagiar.html) Suggests
ways of using a positive approach to enhance academic integrity.
Harris, Robert. (2002).
Anti-plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers. Retrieved
March 17, 2002, from VirtualSalt: http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm.
Witherspoon, Abigail. (1995) This pen for
hire: On grinding out papers for college students. Harper's Magazine.
June, pp. 49-57.
Schneider, Alison. (1999) Why professors
don't do more to stop students who cheat. Chronicle of Higher
Education. January 22, A8. Retrieved March 18, 2002, from LexisNexis
Rothenberg, David. (1997) How the web destroys
the quality of students' research papers. Chronicle of Higher
Education. August 15.
Letters to the Editor. (1997) Responses
to David Rothenberg: How the web destroys the quality of students'
research papers. Chronicle of Higher Education. October 10.
Retrieved March 18, 2002, from Lexis/Nexis database.
Roig, Miguel. (1997) Can undergraduate
students determine whether text has been plagiarized? The Psychological
Record. 47, 113-122. Study determines that student plagiarism
is largely inadvertent and concludes that students must be taught
the writing skills needed to avoid plagiarism.
Mirsky, Steve. (2002) Copy that: Technology
is making it harder for word thieves to earn outrageous fortunes.
Scientific American. April 2002. Retrieved March 19, 2002
Term Paper Sites
Paper Mills (http://www.coastal.edu/library/mills2.htm):
A listing of over 150 paper mill sites.
Reports on the Net (http://www.coshe.com/): "Register for
free" but pay to get papers. Alternately, one can submit one's own
paper and get one month's usage for free.
(http://come.to/essayman): Over 700 free essays in various topics.
House of Cheat (http://www.cheathouse.com/): Click on "Find
out why" at the bottom of the page to read customer reviews. Site
(http://www.novelguide.com) A limited collection of free full-text
literary criticism for a selection of classic novels.
Use regular search engines, such as Google,
Yahoo, or Altavista. Type in a string of suspect words from the
paper and search the web. Free and most useful if plagiarism is
suspected on individual papers. Of course, it works only if papers
are copied from the web.
Do a keyword search in a proprietary full-text
database, such as Project Muse, JSTOR, Expanded Academic ASAP, Academic
Search Premier, PsycARTICLES, or ScienceDirect.
Use a commercial detection service, such as:
(http://www.turnitin.com) From Plagiarism.org, this detection service,
probably the most extensive and most widely used of all detection
services, searches approximately 20 search engines, checks a database
of term papers submitted to the service, and monitors many of the
term paper mills. Detects plagiarism even if the student substitutes
more than half the terms of the original with synonyms and determines
the degree of originality. Costs about $2000 or more for school-wide
system (or individual instructor costs). The instructor registers
his/her class, students upload their own papers, and the instructor
receives a report. Free trial with restricted database.
(http://www.edutie.com) From PlagiServe, this detection system is
similar to Turnitin. It searches the web, a database of submitted
papers, and (their ads say ALL) paper mills. Students submit papers
electronically and the instructor inputs them. The software can
detect plagiarism with even up to 45 to 50 percent modification.
Reports take up to 24 hours. Free trial available.
--Essay Verification Engine
(http://www.canexus.com) Searches only the web; does not trace papers
to paper mills. Costs $20 per license (teacher) as a one time fee
for unlimited use.
(http://www.wordchecksystems.com) This stand-alone software matches
papers only against an instructor-created archive of student papers.
Essentially tracks collusion to prevent students from using other
students' papers. Costs begin at about $60 for 1000 documents and
increase depending on the size of the database desired.
(http://plagiarism.com) This service differs from the others in
that it does not compare papers to other sources but uses the cloze
procedure to detect plagiarism. The computer replaces every fifth
word in a student's paper with a blank and the student is asked
to fill in the blank based on the idea that, if the student wrote
the paper, he/she should be able to fill in 77 percent of the words
correctly within a reasonable amount of time. This procedure is
especially useful when a paper is not taken from usual electronic
services. Glatt also has a tutorial for teaching students about
plagiarism and how to avoid it and a self-detection system which
allows students to check their own papers for inadvertent plagiarism.
Software costs about $300 per program.
And don't forget that students may use "good
old-fashioned" print sources.
We have reviewed dozens of great sites, created primarily by college
and university writing centers and libraries, in preparing for
this workshop and have tried to acknowledge them for their work.
We plead "common knowledge" if other sites contain similar information
and thank all who have done such tremendous work on this topic.